The Big Five Personality Traits (OCEAN) and Empirical Correlates

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OCEAN stands for oppenness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extroversion, and neuroticism; they are the Big Five Personality Traits. In psychology, the Big Five personality traits are five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality. These traits are believed to be innate meaning you are born with them; they don’t really change over time or across situations. For example, you won’t see someone who is extroverted suddenly become an introvert unless a major life event happened.

The Big Five Traits have been supported by extensive research; they are valid and reliable. People’s scores on the Big Five are scientifically accurate indicators of the person that they are. Were you to put them in various situations, you shouldn’t expect to see them act any differently unless they are pretending or trying to fit in.

TRY YOUR OWN TEST

This article identifies the empirical correlates of these five traits. Empirical correlates is just a fancy term for other measures or sub factors that reliably relates to the main measures of interest.

  • Here are the meanings and description for your results:

Openness: 

High scorers on this trait: tend to remember their dream more often, likes experimenting with new food or activities, being less prejudice, and more opened to dating or extramarital affairs.

Lower scorers: tend to be more close minded, less opened to new activities or ideas, and prejudiced.

Conscientiousness
High scorers: tend to have higher GPA, job satisfaction, job security, more positive and committed relationships.

Low scorers: tend to be procrastinators, likely to engage in risky sexual behavior, not being committed to relationships, and breaking rules more often.

Agreeableness


High scorers: tend to favor negotiation to solve conflicts, are more likely to withdraw from conflicts, prefers peace and cooperativeness, and are less likely to be bullied or victimized by peers during adolescence, and more likely to become politicians.

Low scorers: tend to use dominance and force to solve conflicts, are more aggressive, and less likely to cooperate with you.

Extroversion (aka. Surgency): 

High scorers: love to party, are more likely to participate in social interactions, take lead in livening up dull gatherings, being more talkative, prefer having more people around, enjoy producing an impact on others, likes to take on leadership roles, more likely to be happy, being confident and bold around others, drive faster, and listening to music while driving.

Low scorers (introverts): tend to be the opposite of everything said above.

Neuroticism (aka. Emotional stability)

High Scorers: tend to have more mood swings, being tired emotionally, have problems recalling the past, have more suicidal thoughts or tendencies, have poorer health, are alcoholics, have more ups and downs in their relationships, more likely to experience anxiety when it comes to sex, likely to have post-traumatic stress disorder, and tend to self-handicap or prevent themselves from happiness.

Low scorers: are more emotionally stable (like boats that remain on course through choppy waters).

These descriptions of the Big Five have been supported by studies and that’s what makes them empirical correlates. People who score high on these correlates tend to score respectively on their Big Five traits.

Hope you enjoy the test and feel free to share your results and thoughts.

Love, MM